Chronic pain or injury often keeps people from doing what they love. MaineHealth orthopedic specialists can help get you back to your normal routines and activities. We use the latest technology and treatment protocols to treat a wide range of orthopedic injuries, including knee, hip and other joint injuries.
MaineHealth orthopedic departments and practices are available throughout Maine and in parts of New Hampshire. That means our patients can usually get orthopedic treatment, joint replacement and rehabilitation services close to home.
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Orthopedic Care FAQs
Orthopedic disorders include a variety of conditions affecting the muscles, bones, joints and ligaments. Diagnosing any orthopedic problem early can decrease the chance of long-term damage and pain. Talk to your primary care provider if you are having pain or are concerned about orthopedic disorders.
Common orthopedic disorders
Aching muscles, bones and joints is a common problem. They can range from sports injuries to age-related problems. Common orthopedic disorders include:
- Lower back pain
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Injuries to bones, ligaments, tendons, or cartilage
There are various causes and risk factors that increase the chance of having an orthopedic disorder. Some of these include:
- Activity level
- Frequent sports training
- Wear and tear/overuse
- Sitting in the same position for an extended period of time daily
- Poor posture
- Lack of stretching
Orthopedic disorder symptoms
Symptoms of orthopedic disorders can range from mild to severe. Some common symptoms associated with orthopedic disorders include:
- Sleep disturbances
- Stiff joints
- Dull aches
- Limited range of motion
- Difficulty performing daily tasks
Talk to your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms associated with orthopedic disorders.
Orthopedic disorders diagnosis
A doctor may use a variety of methods in order to confirm an orthopedic disorder diagnosis. Some diagnostic methods include:
- Physical exam
- X-rays to detect bone fractures or bone loss
- Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Bone scanning
After the results of your tests, your provider will recommend a treatment plan.
Orthopedic disorders treatment
Treatment approaches for orthopedic disorders depends on the extent of the condition. Goals of treatment include managing pain and discomfort during daily activities. Occasional pain may be treated with exercises and medicine. Advanced disorders may require more intense therapy. Some treatment methods include:
- Injections with anesthetic or anti-inflammatory medications
- Exercise that includes muscle strengthening and stretching
- Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Therapeutic massage
Prevention is important in avoiding orthopedic disorders and delaying the progression of present conditions. Some prevention strategies include:
Performing regular strengthening exercises
Stretching before performing physical activity
Maintaining proper posture
Practicing correct form when lifting objects
Consuming adequate calcium and vitamin D in the diet to support bone health