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Neurological Disorders

At MaineHealth, doctors provide complete care for people with neurological  and cerebrovascular disorders. Our doctors, including neurology specialists, treat a diverse range of neurological disorders and brain problems that include autism, Alzheimer’s disease, brain tumors, epilepsy, back pain and stroke. Care includes screenings, diagnosis and treatment for most injuries and diseases of the brain, spine and nerves.

What are neurological disorders?

Neurological disorders are diseases or injuries affecting the brain, spine and nervous system. There are more than 600 different neurological disorders, from migraines to multiple sclerosis. Children, adolescents or adults may be diagnosed with a neurological disorder. Neurological disorders often are long-term conditions that need ongoing treatment.

Neurological conditions treated

At MaineHealth, our doctors, including neurology specialists, treat a full range of conditions:

  • Alzheimer’s and dementia

  • Aneurysms

  • Brain and spine tumors

  • Concussions

  • Developmental Disorders

  • Epilepsy

  • Migraines and headaches

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

  • Stroke

  • Vertigo

Diagnosing neurological disorders

Getting the right diagnosis for a neurological disorder is essential to effective treatment. Primary care providers may refer patients to a neurologist for a complete evaluation that can include diagnostic screenings such as:

  • Computerized tomography or computer-assisted tomography (CT or CAT scan)

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  • Neurosonography including transcranial Doppler (TCD)

  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)

  • Electromyogram, including nerve conduction study (EMG)

  • Sleep studies

  • Cerebral spinal fluid analysis (spinal tap or lumbar puncture)

Advanced care for the brain and spine

Maine Medical Center Neuroscience Institute in Portland provides nationally recognized expertise for complex neurological conditions that include traumatic brain or spinal injury, epilepsy, brain tumor and stroke. Neurologists treat a broad range of conditions for thousands of adults and children each year.

Specialists partner with community doctors to offer advanced medical technology and skilled care in areas that include stroke, neuro-critical care, neurosurgery and pediatric neurology. Talk to your primary care provider about getting a referral.