Patients with conditions related to the eye and brain should seek medical care from specialists in neuro-ophthalmology. Specialists at MaineHealth are available to provide care for pediatric and adult patients with conditions affecting the eyes and brain.

What is neuro-ophthalmology?

Neuro-ophthalmology is a subspecialty of both neurology and ophthalmology and requires specialized training and expertise in problems affecting the eye, brain, nerves and muscles. Neuro-ophthalmologists are board-certified in neurology, ophthalmology, or both.

Neuro-ophthalmologists take care of visual problems related to the nervous system. These problems do not come from the eyes themselves.

Neuro-ophthalmology focuses on conditions caused by eye or brain abnormalities that result in visual disturbances, among other symptoms, including:

  • Vision loss

  • Diplopia (double vision)

  • Ptosis (drooping of the eyelid)

  • Pupillary abnormalities

Some of the common problems evaluated by neuro-ophthalmologists include:

  • Optic neuritis

  • Ischemic optic neuropathy

  • Visual field loss

  • Unexplained visual loss

  • Transient visual loss

  • Visual disturbances

  • Double vision

  • Abnormal eye movements

  • Thyroid eye disease

  • Myasthenia gravis

  • Unequal pupil size

  • Eyelid abnormalities