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The federal CDC is tracking an outbreak of monkeypox that has spread across several countries that don’t normally report monkeypox, including the United States. MaineHealth is following the outbreak and working closely with the Maine CDC.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox. Learn more about monkeypox.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

Symptoms of monkeypox can include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion
  • Respiratory symptoms (e.g. sore throat, nasal congestion, or cough)
  • A rash that may be located on or near the genitals, anus, hands, feet, chest, face or mouth.
    • The rash will go through several stages, including scabs, before healing.
    • The rash can look like pimples or blisters and may be painful or itchy.

Learn more about monkeypox symptoms.

What should I do if I have monkeypox symptoms or have been exposed someone with monkeypox?

Please stay home and contact your primary care provider. They will help you get tested and arrange treatment if needed. Most monkeypox cases get better without medication and do not require emergency care.

More Information and Resources

Monkeypox can spread to anyone through close, personal, often skin-to-skin contact, including:

  • Direct contact with monkeypox rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with monkeypox
  • Touching objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding, or towels) and surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox
  • Contact with respiratory secretions

This direct contact can happen during intimate contact, including:

  • Oral, anal and vaginal sex or touching the genitals (penis, testicles, labia and vagina) or anus of a person with monkeypox
  • Hugging, massage and kissing
  • Prolonged face-to-face contact
  • Touching fabrics and objects during sex that were used by a person with monkeypox and that have not been disinfected, such as bedding, towels, fetish gear and sex toys.

Learn more about how monkeypox spreads.

Take the following steps to prevent getting monkeypox:

  • Avoid close, skin-to-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like monkeypox
    • Do not touch the rash or scabs of a person with monkeypox
    • Do not kiss, hug, cuddle or have sex with someone with monkeypox
  • Avoid contact with objects and materials that a person with monkeypox has used
    • Do not share eating utensils or cups with a person with monkeypox
    • Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with monkeypox
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially before eating or touching your face and after you use the bathroom.
Learn more about monkeypox prevention.

There are no treatments specifically for monkeypox virus infections. However, monkeypox and smallpox viruses are genetically similar, which means that antiviral drugs and vaccines developed to protect against smallpox may be used to prevent and treat monkeypox virus infections. Antivirals, such as tecovirimat (TPOXX), may be recommended for people who are more likely to get severely ill, like patients with weakened immune systems.

Talk to your primary care provider if you have monkeypox symptoms, even if you don’t think you had contact with someone who has monkeypox.

Monkeypox and Safer Sex

Talk to your partner about any recent illness and be aware of new or unexplained rash on your body or your partner’s body. If you or your partner feel sick, or have a new or an unexplained rash, do not have sex and see a health care provider.

Monkeypox and Social Gatherings

Consider how much close, personal, skin-to-skin contact is likely to occur at any event you plan to attend. If you feel sick or have a rash, do not attend any gathering, and see a health care provider.




Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID),Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology (DHCPP)