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There are many types of surgery for various conditions of the spine, brain and peripheral nerves. Surgeons at MaineHealth are specialized in innovative and advanced neurosurgical procedures, so that patients can have the best outcomes.

What is neurosurgery?

Neurosurgeons focus on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disorders that affect the spine, brain and nervous system. Complex neurological conditions, such as traumatic brain or spinal injury, epilepsy, brain tumors and stroke, require an extraordinary clinical expertise from neurosurgery specialists.

Neurosurgery types

Some of the most innovative and advanced neurosurgical procedures include:


  • Image-guided brain surgery
  • Cerebrospinal fluid shunting
  • Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Intracranial pressure monitoring
  • Carotid endarterectomy
  • Awake craniotomy with language mapping


  • Minimally invasive spine surgery
  • Artificial disc arthroscopy
  • Spinal fusion
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty
  • Foraminotomy
  • Laminectomy
  • Microdiscectomy

Neurosurgery recovery

Recovery from neurosurgery is very individual. Some factors that affect recovery time include:

  • Age
  • Overall fitness
  • Associated medical conditions
  • Type of procedure performed

Some procedures may involve extensive exposure of the spine, and the recovery may take from six months to a year. With other surgical procedures that are minimally invasive, the patient may recover more quickly.

After talking to your surgeon about restrictions and length of recovery, ask if it will be necessary to have assistance from family and friends or if you will need professional assistance such as in-home care, physical therapy, or rehabilitation services.