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Hormone Replacement Therapy | HRT

Are you going through menopause? You may notice some changes to your body. Depending on your situation, your provider may recommend hormone replacement therapy.

But hormone replacement therapy has some risks. It is not for every woman. Talk to your provider about the best treatment and care to ease menopause symptoms.

What is hormone replacement therapy?

Menopause is a time in a woman’s life when she stops having her period. It is a normal part of aging but it can cause symptoms like:

  • Hot flashes

  • Night sweats

  • Vaginal dryness and irritation

  • Thinning of your bones

Hormone replacement therapy is medicine containing female hormones, usually estrogen, progestin or both. It is used to help treat these symptoms of menopause. It can also prevent osteoporosis. But hormone replacement therapy also has risks. Talk to your provider about the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy.

Hormone replacement therapy risks

Hormone replacement therapy can increase your risk of:

  • Breast cancer

  • Heart disease

  • Stroke

Your provider may look at your medical history and lifestyle when discussing whether HRT is right for you. If you decide to take HRT, it should be at the lowest effective dose.

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MaineHealth has the most advanced mammogram services at specialty clinics, breast care clinics and community hospitals, making it convenient to have routine and diagnostic breast exams.

Women who are healthy and:

  • Have moderate or severe menopause symptoms like hot flashes

  • Have lost bone mass

  • Stopped having period before the age of 40


Hormone replacement therapy isn’t for everyone.  You should not take hormone replacement therapy if you:

  • Think you are pregnant

  • Have had certain types of cancers, or have a family history of certain cancers

  • Have had a stroke or a heart attack

  • Have had blood clots


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